A generator, especially a portable generator has now become one of those important pieces of equipment we need for a camping trip. Generators supply you with the electricity that camping sites don’t have.
But if a generator isn’t properly handled, it might even harm us and our belongings. One such handling is grounding them. Even if most modern portable generators now come with those components connected to the frame of the generator, some still require grounding. Besides, grounding a generator that doesn’t require grounding will make it extra safe for us.
Through this post, let’s look at why grounding is important and how to properly ground a generator.
Why Use A Portable Generator?
Taking a portable generator with you when you go on a trip, especially a camping trip can be very beneficial.
In a world where everything revolves around technology, electricity is very important and a portable generator would be the best option for you to carry electricity with you to a place with no electricity.
You can keep your food and meat fresh in a mini-fridge powered by a generator and even charge up your camera or mobile. Lighting up your camp is also possible!
Why Do Portable Generators Need To Be Grounded?
Grounding your generator adds special safety to you and what or who is around the generator or its appliances. This is because grounding can prevent extra voltage from going to other places, which might cause sparks, blasts, and fires.
The extra electricity produced in a generator needs to flow out of the generator, but it can’t go through the appliances connected to it. So the electricity will look for an alternative path to travel that is close to normal. By grounding the generator, this electricity will go into the ground and keep you safe.
What Happens If You Don’t Ground A Generator?
If a generator is not properly grounded, the extra electricity produced in the generator will find another alternative path to flow, which might even result in it flowing to a rather dangerous place.
This can result in fires, sparks, and blasts which will harm anybody or anything around the generator and the place the electricity flowed to.
How To Ground A Generator When Camping?
By following some simple steps, you can ground a generator both easily and properly.
Step 1: Collect the required tools
The first step is to gather up the required tools to ground the generator. These are;
- Copper rod: This rod is used to ground your generator. The rod should be at least 4 feet long and no less than that. The longer the rod, the better grounding it gives.
- Pilers: These are used to twist the wires near the grounding rod to strengthen the connection.
- Copper grounding wire: This is used to connect the grounding rod to the generator.
- Wrench: There can be a few nuts that will need to be loosened to connect the copper wire.
- Hammer: This is needed to hammer the rod into the ground.
- Wires Strippers: These can be used to strip the coat of copper wire. This is not necessary but can be a better choice.
Step 2: Find a proper place to ground the generator
Once the tools are collected, the next step is to find a proper place to set up the generator. This place should be a dry place with no moisture and well sheltered. Neve set up your generator in a wet area or with wet hands. Everything around the generator should be dry to prevent electrical shocks.
Step 3: Instal the copper rod
Using the hammer, hammer the copper rod 4 feet into the ground. If the ground is too tough, use some water to soften it, but do not connect the generator until the water is completely dried.
Step 4: Strip and connect the copper wire to the copper rod
The next step is connecting the copper wire.
Strip the wire using the wire strippers and connect it properly to the copper rod. Wrap one end of the copper wire around the copper rod.
Once done, hammer the wire into the ground a furthermore. The rod should be at least 8 feet under the ground.
Step 5: Strip and connect the copper wire to the generator.
The next and last step is to connect the wire to the generator.
Once the rod is properly grounded, strip the other end of the copper wire using the wire stripper and connect it to the generator.
Using the wrench, loosen the grounding bolt on the generator and wrap the stripped wire around the bolt. They securely tighten it.
Now your generator is properly grounded and safe to use.
Grounding your generator is very important for the safety of your loved ones and belongings. Grounding a generator that doesn’t require grounding can add extra safety.
If your generator isn’t properly grounded, it can get really dangerous, so grounding it properly is very important. So, make sure to properly and definitely ground your generator before use and keep it away from water for everyone’s safety.
How do I know if my generator needs to be grounded?
The best and easiest way to know if your generator needs to be grounded is to check the owner’s manual. It will clearly mention if the generator needs to be grounded.
How deep does a ground rod need to be for a generator?
A ground rod should be grounded at least 8 feet before it is connected to a generator via a ground cable.